Walangkura Napanangka was born in the mid 1940s in the area that it is now home to the community of Tjukurla, WA. She grew up travelling with her large family group in the country between Punkilpirri, near Docker River, and Walukirritji rockhole on the south western side of Karrkurrintinytja (Lake Macdonald). Her family were met by a welfare patrol which included Nosepeg Tjupurrula, and were invited to travel in with other Pintupi people to the Ikuntji (Haasts Bluff) settlement. While living in Ikuntji Napanangka worked in the community laundry.
She later moved to Papunya to live with her husband Uta Uta Tjangala who was one of the original shareholders of Papunya Tula Artists. Napanangka first painted for Papunya Tula Artists in 1997. Since 2002 she has spent more time living at Walungurru (Kintore) and Kiwirrkura and as a result has painted more regularly for independent galleries. In 2005, Napanangka won the Redlands Westpac Art Prize and in 2006 was included in the Alice Prize at the Araluen Centre, Mparntwe (Alice Springs). She was also included in the Papunya Tula, Genesis and Genius exhibition at the AGNSW in 2000.
Napanangka passed away in 2014.